(Under vurdering) Kommisjonsforordning om fastsettelse av krav til miljøvennlig utforming mobiltelefoner, trådløse telefoner og nettbrett i henhold til europaparlaments- og rådsdirektiv 2009/125/EF og endring av kommisjonsforordning (EU) .../... [revidert forordning om krav miljøvennlig utforming av utstyr ved hviletilstand og avslått tilstand]
(In preparation) Commission Regulationlaying down ecodesign requirements for mobile phones, cordless phones and slate tablets pursuant to Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Commission Regulation (EU) .../... [revised Ecodesign Regulation on standby, networked standby and off mode]
Utkast til forordning lagt fram av Kommisjonen 31.8.2022 med tilbakemeldingsfrist 28.9.2022
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsutkastet, engelsk utgave)
(1) Pursuant to Directive 2009/125/EC, the Commission should set ecodesign requirements for energy-related products which account for significant volumes of sales and trade in the Union and which have a significant environmental impact and presenting significant potential for improvement through design in terms of their environmental impact, without entailing excessive costs.
(2) The Commission has carried out a preparatory study to analyse the technical, environmental and economic aspects of mobile phones, cordless phones and slate tablets. The study has been carried out with stakeholders and interested parties from the Union and third countries, and the results have been made publicly available.
(3) The steep increase in the demand for smartphones and tablets, combined their increased functionality, has resulted in increased demand for energy and materials needed to manufacture these devices on the EU market, accompanied by an increase in their associated environmental impacts. In addition, devices are often replaced prematurely by users and are, at the end of their useful life, not sufficiently reused or recycled, leading to a waste of resources. Against this background, the preparatory study identified environmental aspects to be addressed in this Regulation. Those aspects mainly concern resource efficiency and include the avoidance of premature obsolescence, repairability, reliability of the products and their key components such as batteries and display, reusability and recyclability.
(4) Ecodesign requirements should harmonise resource efficiency requirements for mobile phones, cordless phones and slate tablets throughout the Union for the internal market to operate better and in order to improve the environmental performance of those products. In light of this aim and the environmental aspects to be addressed, the preparatory study showed that ecodesign requirements should relate to design for reliability, including resistance to accidental drops, scratch resistance, protection from dust and water, and battery longevity, to the ability to be disassembled and repaired, to the availability of operating system version upgrades, to data deletion and the transfer of functionalities after use, to the provision of appropriate information for users, repairers and recyclers as well as to battery endurance.
(5) The total primary energy consumption of the installed base in the EU27 of mobile phones, cordless phones and slate tablets in 2020 over their lifecycle was 39,5 TWh (of which 28,5 TWh for smartphones, 1,6 TWh for mobile phones other than smartphones, 1,8 TWh for cordless phones and 7,6 TWh for slate tablets), which includes a major share of primary energy consumption in production outside the EU27. Of these 39,5 TWh, the share attributed to electricity consumption - for both production and use - is 26,6 TWh (19,2 TWh, 0,9 TWh, 1,1 TWh and 5,4 TWh, respectively, for smartphones, mobile phones other than smartphones, cordless phones and slate tablets). Without regulatory measures, those values are projected to decrease slightly to 39,3 TWh (29,3 TWh, 1,5 TWh, 1,4TWh and 7,3TWh, respectively, for smartphones, mobile phones other than smartphones, cordless phones and slate tablets) of primary energy in 2030. The combined effect of this Regulation and Commission Delegated Regulation [OP: please insert reference to accompanying energy labelling delegated act] is expected to limit this 2030 value to 25,4 TWh (18,2 TWh, 1,0 TWh, 1,1TWh and 5,2 TWh, respectively, for smartphones, mobile phones other than smartphones, cordless phones and slate tablets), saving around 33 % on the primary energy consumption of smartphones, mobile phones other than smartphones, cordless phones and slate tablets compared to what would happen if no measures were taken.
(6) The relevant product parameters should be measured using reliable, accurate and reproducible methods. Those methods should take into account recognised state-of-the-art measurement methods including, where available, harmonised standards adopted by the European standardisation bodies, as listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
(7) In accordance with Article 8 of Directive 2009/125/EC, this Regulation should specify the applicable conformity assessment procedures.
(8) To facilitate compliance checks, manufacturers, importers or authorised representatives should provide information in the technical documentation referred to in Annexes IV and V to Directive 2009/125/EC in so far as that information relates to the requirements laid down in this Regulation.
(9) For market surveillance purposes, manufacturers, importers or authorised representatives should be allowed to refer to the product database if the technical documentation as per Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 20XX/XXX [OP: please insert number] contains the same information.
(10) In order to protect consumers and to avoid that the rules laid down in this Regulation are circumvented, products that automatically alter their performance in test conditions to improve the declared parameters should be prohibited.
(11) In addition to the legally binding requirements laid down in this Regulation, indicative benchmarks for best available technologies should be identified to make information on the environmental performance of products subject to this Regulation over their life cycle widely available and easily accessible, in accordance with Directive 2009/125/EC, Annex I, part 3, point (2).
(12) The requirement concerning a functionality for secure erasure of the encryption key could be implemented by means of technical solutions such as, but not limited to, a functionality implemented in firmware, typically in the bootloader, in software included in a self-contained bootable environment, or in software installable in the supported operating systems provided with the product.
(13) A review of this Regulation should assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of its provisions in achieving its goals. The timing of the review should take into account, among other factors, whether all provisions have been implemented and show an effect on the market.
(14) Commission Regulation [OP: please insert number of revised Ecodesign Regulation on standby, networked standby and off mode] should be amended to exclude cordless phones from its scope in order to prevent any overlap with the same products in the scope of this Regulation.
(15) The entry into application of ecodesign requirements should be 12 months after the entry into force of this Regulation, in order to give manufacturers sufficient time to redesign their products subject to this Regulation. The requirements aimed at allowing repair operations by end-users, should have an entry into application 18 months after the entry into force of this Regulation, i.e. 6 months after the other requirements, as it is expected that these requirements entail the most significant design changes.
(16) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established by Article 19(1) of Directive 2009/125/EC,
Olje- og energidepartementet