Fremme av bruken av fornybar energi: endringsbestemmelser


Forslag til europaparlaments- og rådsdirektiv om endring av europaparlaments- og rådsdirektiv (EU) 2018/2001, europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EU) 2018/1999 og europaparlaments- og rådsdirektiv 98/70/EF med hensyn til fremme av bruken av fornybar energi, og oppheving av rådsdirektiv (EU) 2015/652

Proposal for Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the promotion of energy from renewable sources, and repealing Council Directive (EU) 2015/652

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BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforslaget, engelsk utgave)

Reasons for and objectives of the proposal
The European Green Deal (EGD) establishes the objective of becoming climate neutral in 2050 in a manner that contributes to the European economy, growth and jobs. This objective requires a greenhouse as emissions reduction of 55% by 2030 as confirmed by the European Council in December 2020. This in turn requires significantly higher shares of renewable energy sources in an integrated energy system. The current EU target of at least 32% renewable energy by 2030, set in the Renewable Energy Directive (REDII), is not sufficient and needs to be increased to 38-40%, according to the Climate Target Plan (CTP). At the same time, new accompanying measures in different sectors in line with the Energy System Integration, the Hydrogen, the Offshore Renewable Energy and the Biodiversity Strategies are required to achieve this increased target.

The overall objectives of the revision of REDII are to achieve an increase in the use of energy from renewable sources by 2030, to foster better energy system integration and to contribute to climate and environmental objectives including the protection of biodiversity, thereby addressing the intergenerational concerns associated with global warming and biodiversity loss. This revision of REDII is essential to achieve the increased climate target as well as to protect our environment and health, reduce our energy dependency, and contribute to the EU’s technological and industrial leadership along with the creation of jobs and economic growth.

• Consistency with existing policy provisions in the policy area

REDII is the main EU instrument dealing with the promotion of energy from renewable sources. The review of REDII does not stand alone. It is part of a broader exercise that affects other energy and climate legislation and policy initiatives, as announced in the EGD roadmap, and in the Commission work programme for 2021 under the title “Fit for 55 package”. The proposal for the revision of REDII is consistent with:

i. The EU Emission Trading Scheme, as carbon pricing works best hand in hand with regulatory measures.

ii. The Energy Efficiency Directive, which contributes to the efficient use of renewable energy in end-use sectors.

iii. The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which ensures appropriate energy performance requirements related to renewable energy.

iv. The Ecodesign Directive, incentivising consumers to move away from fossil fuel appliances.

v. The Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Regulation, which provides incentives for economic operators to deploy emission-absorbing projects that can be a source of biomass.

vi. The Energy Taxation Directive, which ensures that prices promote sustainable practices and incentivises production and use.

vii. The Effort Sharing legislation, which establishes binding greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for sectors covered by REDII such as transport, buildings, agriculture and waste.

viii. The Fuel Quality Directive, which supports the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in transport.

ix. The Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Directive, which supports the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas and hydrogen.

x. The proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure and repealing Regulation (EU) No 347/2013.