Kommisjonens gjennomføringsbeslutning (EU) 2022/1656 av 26. september 2022 om anerkjennelse av den østerriske landbrukssertifiseringsordningen (AACS) for å dokumentere samsvar med kriteriene fastsatt i direktiv (EU) 2018/2001 for biodrivstoff, flytende biomasse, biomassebrensel, fornybare flytende og gassformige drivstoff av ikke-biologisk opprinnelse og resirkulert karbonbrensel
Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2022/1656 of 26 September 2022 on recognition of the Austrian agricultural certification scheme (AACS) for demonstrating compliance with the requirements set in Directive (EU) 2018/2001 for biofuels, bioliquids, biomass fuels, renewable liquid and gaseous fuels of non-biological origin and recycled carbon fuels
Kommisjonsbeslutning publisert i EU-tidende 27.9.2022
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforordningen, engelsk utgave)
(1) Directive (EU) 2018/2001 establishes requirements for biofuels, bioliquids, biomass fuels, renewable liquid and gaseous fuels of non-biological origin and recycled carbon fuels, in order to ensure that they can be counted towards the targets set in that Directive only if they have been sustainably produced and save significant greenhouse gas emissions in comparison to fossil fuels. Article 29 of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 lays down sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions saving criteria for biofuels, bioliquids, and biomass fuels, and Article 26 of that Directive and Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/807 establish the criteria for determining:
– which feedstock for biofuels, bioliquids or biomass fuels has high indirect land-use change risk; and
– which high indirect land-use change-risk biofuels, bioliquids or biomass fuels that meet certain conditions can be certified as having low indirect land-use change risk.
(2) Directive (EU) 2018/2001 also provides for rules on how to calculate the contribution from renewable electricity to the transport targets, both when the electricity is directly used to power electric vehicles and when it is used to produce renewable liquid and gaseous fuels of non-biological origin that are used in transport.
(3) In order to check that compliance with the rules established for biofuels, bioliquids, biomass fuels, renewable liquid and gaseous fuels of non-biological origin and recycled carbon fuels is ensured, Member States may use voluntary schemes or national certification schemes. Both national and voluntary certification schemes have played an important role in providing evidence of compliance with the sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions saving criteria for biofuels and bioliquids under Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council . Under Directive (EU) 2018/2001, the role of voluntary and national certification schemes has been expanded. First, they can now serve to certify compliance of all fuels produced from biomass, including gaseous and solid fuels, with the sustainability criteria set in Directive (EU) 2018/2001, and provide accurate data on their greenhouse gas emissions saving. Second, they can serve to certify compliance of renewable liquid and gaseous transport fuels of non-biological origin and recycled carbon fuels with their greenhouse gas emissions saving criteria. Third, they can serve to prove compliance with the rules established by Article 27(3) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 for calculating renewable electricity in transport. Fourth, they can serve to prove that economic operators enter accurate information in Union or national database on renewable fuels and recycled carbon fuels used in transport in accordance with Article 28(4) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001. Fifth, they can be used to certify biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels with low indirect land-use change-risk.
(4) Where an economic operator provides proof or data on compliance with the sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions saving criteria, obtained in accordance with a national or voluntary scheme recognised by the Commission, to the extent covered by the recognition decision, a Member State is not to require that economic operator to provide further evidence as an additional proof for such compliance. Therefore, the positive assessment and formal recognition by the Commission of a national or voluntary certification scheme ensures the mandatory acceptance of their compliance statements by all Members States.
(5) Austria first submitted a request for recognition under Article 30(6) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 for the Austrian agricultural certification scheme (AACS) to the Commission on 14 July 2021. That request led to an assessment of the scheme by the Commission, in which some issues requiring modification were identified. The modified scheme resubmitted by Austria on 7 March 2022 correctly addressed those issues. The scheme covers agricultural feedstocks and vegetable oils (including residues) from farm up to initial processing.
(6) In assessing the AACS, the Commission found that it adequately covers the sustainability criteria laid down in Article 29(3) to (5) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001, while it also contains accurate data on greenhouse gas emission savings for the purpose of Article 29(10) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 and applies a mass balance methodology in accordance with the requirements of Article 30(1) and (2) of Directive (EU) 2018/2001.
(7) The assessment of the AACS concludes that the scheme meets adequate standards of reliability, transparency and independent auditing and complies with the methodological requirements set out in Annex V to Directive (EU) 2018/2001.
(8) The recognised scheme should be made available in the section devoted to voluntary schemes on the Commission’s EUROPA website.
(9) The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee on the Sustainability of Biofuels, Bioliquids and Biomass fuels
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