(Utkast) Kommisjonens gjennomføringsforordning om fastsettelse av tekniske spesifikasjoner og ordninger i henhold til europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EU) 2019/2152 om europeisk næringslivsstatistikk og oppheving av ti rettsakter på feltet næringslivsstatistikk
(Draft) Commission Implementing Regulation laying down technical specifications and arrangements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European business statistics repealing 10 legal acts in the field of business statistics
Utkast til kommisjonsforordning godkjent av komite (representanter for medlemslandene) og publisert i EUs komitologiregister 11.7.2020
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforordningen, engelsk utgave)
(1) Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 established a common legal framework for the development, production and dissemination of European business statistics.
(2) The framework for European business registers for statistical purposes represents a basic element of such a common framework, making it possible to organise and coordinate statistical surveys by providing a harmonised sampling frame.
(3) It is necessary to specify the data requirements for the production of business statistics in order to produce comparable data between Member States and achieve harmonisation across all Business Statistics domains.
(4) The principle of economic ownership as described in Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 should applyto European business statistics. It should be implemented to the extent possible, taking into account justified user needs, data availability and cost and burden implications, insofar as it is not in contradiction with the principles and purposes of certain business statistics laid down in this Regulation.
(5) For specifying the data requirements it is necessary to define the Main Industrial Groupings (MIGS) and other special aggregates of NACE codes.
(6) It is necessary to define the main variables and concepts for business statistics in order to produce comparable data between Member States and achieve harmonisation across all Business Statistics domains.
(7) For the purpose of alleviating the burden on businesses, and based on the principle of proportionality, data requirements need to be simplified taking into account the size and importance of the business economies of Member States.
(8) Specific provisions need to be laid down which will apply to data on the topic ‘international trade in goods’ and trade by enterprise characteristics, and to the domain ‘Short Term Business statistics’.
(9) Increasing economic globalisation poses challenges to the current production of European business statistics. By recording data from multinational enterprise groups, the framework for European statistical business registers forms the basis for improving many statistics related to globalisation. Some of those statistics cover the whole economy and thus require the framework for European statistical business registers to cover all sectors of the economy.
(10) Information on links of control between legal units is needed in order to define enterprise groups, delineate the enterprises correctly, profile large and complex units and study market concentrations. Enterprise group information improves the quality of national statistical business registers. This information can be used to reduce the risk of disclosure of confidential data. Enterprise group data can be used for surveys on the group and may reduce the response burden.
(11) It is necessary to establish the format, security and confidentiality measures, and procedure for the transmission of data on individual units to the Commission (Eurostat) and for the transmission of data on the multinational enterprise groups back to national statistical authorities.
(12) An exchange of confidential data for statistical purposes between the Commission and national central banks, and between the Commission and the European Central Bank, should help ensure the quality of information on multinational enterprise groups in the Union. It is therefore necessary to establish the format, security and confidentiality measures as well as the procedure for the transmission of such confidential data to national central banks and the European Central Bank
(13) Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 puts in place the exchange of confidential data on intra-Union exports of goods between Member States. It is necessary to specify further the statistical data elements to be exchanged as well as the list of statistical data elements to be exchanged for specific goods or movements. Member States may simplify the information to be provided, on condition that such simplification has no detrimental effects on the quality of the statistics. The conditions for such simplification need to be established.
(14) In order to ensure harmonised implementation of the data exchange there is a need to specify the arrangements of their collection and compilation as well as the arrangements for the application of the minimum coverage rate of 95%. In order for the national statistical authority of the country of import to be able to use the exchanged statistical information for compiling statistics on intra-Union imports of goods, metadata also need to be exchanged. To ensure harmonised implementation across Member States it is necessary to specify the metadata relevant for the use of the exchanged data on intra-Union exports of goods in the compilation of statistics as well as a timetable for the transmission of the statistical information and the relevant metadata. It is necessary to establish the format, the security and confidentiality measures, and the procedure for exchanging the confidential data.
(15) Applying uniform standards for the exchange and transmission of data and metadata for the statistics covered by Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 contributes considerably to integrating business processes in European business statistics.
(16) The Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange (SDMX) international initiative on statistical and technical standards for the exchange and sharing of data and metadata provides standards for the exchange and dissemination of official statistics. The necessary data structure definitions designed in accordance with SDMX should therefore be used where appropriate.
(17) The Commission (Eurostat) should make available on the Commission (Eurostat) website documentation in relation to the data structures, including SDMX data structure definitions and supply guidelines on their implementation, in particular with regard to the technical format to be used.
(18) Member States should provide standard metadata and quality reports for the national statistical business registers and all business statistics in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 2019/2152. It is therefore necessary to define the arrangements for and periodicity of those reports.
(19) The measures set out in this Regulation should replace those of Commission Regulation (EC) No 586/2001 of 26 March 2001 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 912/2004 of 29 April 2004 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 1982/2004 of 18 November 2004 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 1503/2006 of 28 September 2006 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 657/2007 of 14 June 2007 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 364/2008 of 23 April 2008 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 472/2008 of 29 May 2008 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 192/2009 of 11 March 2009 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009 of 11 March 2009 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 251/2009 of 11 March 2009 , Commission Regulation (EC) No 834/2009 of 11 September 2009 , Commission Regulation (EU) No 92/2010 of 2 February 2010, Commission Regulation (EU) No 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 , Commission Regulation (EU) No 275/2010 of 30 March 2010 , Commission Regulation (EU) No 1097/2010 of 26 November 2010 , Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of 26 October 2012 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012.Those Regulations should be repealed.
(20) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the European Statistical System Committee