Rapport fra Kommisjonen: En analyse av straffereaksjoner ved alvorlige brudd på arbeidstidsbestemmelsene for veitransport i medlemsstatenes lovgivning
Rapport lagt fram av Kommisjonen 15.9.2009
BAKGRUNN (fra Kommisjonens pressemelding 15.5.2009, engelsk utgave)
Commission report on penalties for rule-breaking in road transport activities
The European Commission has today published a report showing Member States apply widely differing penalties for infringements of rules on maximum driving times, minimum rest periods and the use of recording equipment (the tachograph). The report of the Commission finds that the penalties applicable to infringements of these rules differ in various aspects, such as their legal nature, their categorisation into levels of seriousness and the amount of fines. The Commission has already taken steps last January to reduce these discrepancies by adopting a directive setting out guidelines for the categorisation of infringements (see IP/09/197). Once transposed into national law, the implementation of this categorisation will substantially improve the current situation.
INNLEDNING (fra kommisjonsrapporten, engelsk utgave
This report analyses the penalties for serious infringements against the social rules in road transport provided for in the legislation of the Member States, as required by Article 10 of Directive 2006/22/EC  on minimum conditions for the implementation of social legislation relating to road transport activities.
The infringements concern two regulations. Regulation (EC) No 561/2006  on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport contains very precise rules on the maximum driving times and the minimum rest periods and breaks for drivers engaged in professional transport. Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85  on recording equipment in road transport concerns the instalment and use of the tachograph.
Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 requires Member States to lay down rules on penalties applicable to infringements of both Regulations. The penalties have to be effective, proportionate, dissuasive and non-discriminatory. Recital 26 of this Regulation states in addition that the possibility of immobilising the vehicle where serious infringements are detected should also be included within the common range of measures open to Member States. However, there is no definition in the Regulation of what should be considered a serious infringement.
Directive 2006/22/EC originally contained an Annex III with a non-exhaustive list of what is to be regarded as an infringement. This Annex III has recently been replaced by a new Annex by way of Commission Directive 2009/5/EC.  This new Annex III contains guidelines on the categorisation of infringements against the two Regulations.
Member States had to inform the Commission of the rules they have laid down on the penalties for infringements against the two Regulations. 26 Member States had informed the Commission of their rules at the time this report was being drawn up. Portugal has not yet complied with its obligations and is therefore involved in an infringement procedure.
1 Directive 2006/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on minimum conditions for the implementation of Council Regulations (EEC) No 3820/85 and (EEC) No 3821/85 concerning social legislation relating to road transport activities, OJ L 102, 11.4.2006, p. 35.
2 Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 3821/85 and (EC) No 2135/98 and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3820/85, OJ L 102, 11.4.2006, p.1.
3 Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85 of 20 December 1985 on recording equipment in road transport, OJ L 370, 31.12.1985, p. 8.
4 Article 19(1) of Regulation (EC) No 561/2006.
5 Commission Directive 2009/5/EC of 30 January 2009 amending Annex III to Directive 2006/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum conditions for the implementation of Council Regulations (EEC) Nos 3820/85 and 3821/85 concerning social legislation relating to road transport activities, OJ L 29, 31.1.2009, p.45.