Kommisjonens gjennomføringsforordning (EU) 2018/1122 av 10. august 2018 som godkjenner omsetning av pyrroloquinoline quinone dinatriumsalt som ny mat etter europaparlaments- og rådsforordning (EU) 2015/2283, og om endring av Kommisjonens gjennomføringsforordning (EU) 2017/2470
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1122 of 10 August 2018 authorising the placing on the market of Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Disodium Salt as a novel food under Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/2470
Kommisjonsforordning publisert i EU-tidende 13.8.2018
BAKGRUNN (fra kommisjonsforordningen, engelsk utgave)
(1) Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 provides that only novel foods authorised and included in the Union list may be placed on the market within the Union.
(2) Pursuant to Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/2470 was adopted, which establishes a Union list of authorised novel foods.
(3) Pursuant to Article 12 of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283, the Commission is to decide on the authorisation and on the placing on the Union market of a novel food and on updating the Union list.
(4) On 6 December 2012, the company Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc. (‘the Applicant’) made a request to the competent authority of Ireland to place pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt produced from the bacterium Hyphomicrobium denitrificans, on the Union market as a novel food ingredient within the meaning of point (c) of Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC) No 258/97. The application requests for pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt to be used in food supplements for the general adult population, excluding pregnant and lactating women.
(5) Pursuant to Article 35(1) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283, any request for placing a novel food on the market within the Union submitted to a Member State in accordance with Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients, and for which the final decision has not been taken before 1 January 2018 shall be treated as an application submitted under Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(6) While the request for placing pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt on the market as a novel food within the Union was submitted to a Member State in accordance with Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 258/97, the application also meets the requirements laid down in Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(7) On 8 July 2016, the competent authority of Ireland issued its initial assessment report. In that report, it came to the conclusion that an additional assessment is required for pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt with regards to its safety following long-term consumption at the levels proposed in the application, in accordance with Article 6(3) of Regulation (EC) No 258/97.
(8) On 2 August 2016, the Commission forwarded the initial assessment report to the other Member States. The Member States within the 60-day period laid down in the first subparagraph of Article 6(4) of Regulation (EC) No 258/97 agreed with the initial assessment report of Ireland.
(9) In view of the initial assessment report conclusions issued by Ireland, to which the other Member States agreed, on 13 October 2016, the Commission consulted the European Food Safety Authority (‘the Authority’) asking it to carry out an additional assessment for pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt as a novel food ingredient in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 258/97.
(10) On 24 October 2017, the Authority adopted "Scientific Opinion on the safety of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 258/97". This opinion, although elaborated and adopted by the Authority under Regulation (EC) No 258/97 is in line with the requirements of Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(11) That opinion gives sufficient grounds to establish that pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt in the proposed uses and use levels when used as an ingredient in food supplements, complies with Article 12(1) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(12) On 24 January 2018, the Applicant made a request to the Commission for protection of proprietary data for a number of studies submitted in support of the application namely, a bacterial reverse mutation test study, an in vitro chromosomal aberration test in human blood lymphocytes study, an in vitro chromosomal aberration test in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts study, an in vivo micronucleus test study, a 14-day oral toxicity and a 90-day oral toxicity studies, and a 28-day oral renal toxicity study.
(13) On 18 February 2018, the Authority considered that in elaborating its opinion on pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt as a novel food, the data from the bacterial reverse mutation test and from the in vivo micronucleus test studies served as basis to alleviate concerns with respect to the potential genotoxity of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt, and the 14-day oral, the 28-day renal toxicity, and the 90-day oral toxicity studies served as a basis to assess the toxicity profile of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt and to establish the related No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL). Therefore, it is considered that the conclusions on the safety of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt, could not have been reached without the data from the unpublished reports of these studies.
(14) Following the receipt of the Authority's opinion, the Commission requested the Applicant to further clarify the justification provided with regard to their proprietary claim over the study reports, which were unpublished at the time the application was made, and to clarify their claim to an exclusive right of reference to those studies, as referred to in Article 26(2)(a)(b) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(15) The Applicant has also declared that, at the time the application was submitted, they held proprietary or exclusive rights of reference to the studies under national law and that therefore third parties could not lawfully access or use those studies. The Commission assessed all the information provided by the Applicant and considered that the Applicant has sufficiently substantiated the fulfilment of the requirements laid down in Article 26(2) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.
(16) Accordingly, as provided for under Article 26(2) of Regulation (EU) 2015/2283, the bacterial reverse mutation test, the in vivo micronucleus test studies, the 14-day oral dose finding, the 28-day renal toxicity, and the 90-day oral toxicity studies contained in the Applicant's file should not be used by the Authority for the benefit of a subsequent applicant for a period of five years from the date of entry into force of this Regulation. As a consequence, the placing on the market within the Union of the novel food authorised by this Regulation should be restricted to the Applicant for a period of five years.
(17) However, restricting the authorisation of this novel food and of the reference to the studies contained in the Applicant's file for the sole use of the Applicant does not prevent other applicants from applying for an authorisation to place on the market the same novel food provided that their application is based on legally obtained information supporting the authorisation under this Regulation.
(18) Taking into account of the intended use in food supplements for the general adult population, and the fact that the request for authorisation excludes pregnant and lactating women, food supplements containing pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt should be appropriately labelled.
(19) Directive 2002/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council lays down requirements on food supplements. The use of pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt should be authorised without prejudice to that Directive.
(20) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed.
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